“I can personally affirm that to stand before an audience of beaming Australians and make even the mildest quip about a convict past is to feel the air conditioning immediately elevated.” Bill Bryson – American author
Pemulwuy was a powerful Aboriginal resistance leader against the British settlers who occupied his land. He took the fight to the government farm at Toongabbieand stormed into the town of Parramatta at the head of 100 warriors. His exploits and bravery made Pemulwuy the stuff of myth and legend. Governor Philip Gidley King considered Pemulwuy ‘an active, daring leader of his people’ and wrote that ‘Altho’ a terrible pest to the colony, he was a brave and independent character’. In Pemulwuy, the rainbow warrior, a brilliant work of fiction, Eric Willmot constructed a black hero for Australia’s Aboriginal community.
The rebellious conduct of the convicts on the Britannia and Marquis Cornwallis before and after arrival in New South Wales seems to have prejudiced the colonial administration against later shipments of prisoners who had taken part in 1798. That two mutinies of a similar nature had been suppressed on successive voyages must have struck Hunter as either a grim coincidence or the probable consequence of transporting Defenders and United Irishmen en masse. That serious trouble also occurred on the Anne, Hercules, Atlas I and Minerva in 1800-2 but not the criminal Queen and Rolla may also have highlighted the political factor.62 Opposition to such transports by Hunter and his successor Governor King is a matter of record but neither man had any real control over the numbers or type of prisoners embarked for New South Wales.63 The Governors were also remarkably ill-informed as to the character of Irish prisoners in general as documents setting down their names, crimes and sentences generally only arrived years after the ships if at all.64 This omission on the part of Dublin Castle engendered a sense of paranoia in the colony that was accentuated by the United Irish plots of 1800 and the Castle Hill uprising in March 1804.65
Sydney. (1803, April 10). The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 – 1842
Fugitives. (1803, March 5). The Sydney Gazette
and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 – 1842)
THE YAAN AT NIGHT.
Harking back to Altucher’s TIME HEALS THE WOUNDS, I have been thinking about the late 1700s and early 1800s. I picked up a book called PEMULWUUY I was raised on American TV and the Legends of the West. Irreverently played Cowboys and Indians and knew a good deal about wagon trains and such.
Its only now in my 60s that I am far enough away from my family’s woundings to be able to find out my OWN history.
For me, reading Pemulwuuy has tied my ancestor , ANN MORAN, into the same era as him as well as the Irish Rebels of 1798.
I don’t know the whole story and don’t suppose it will ever again be known but I surely do love the mystery of a young Irishwoman, a publican, transported for Life with the irish Rebels to a Colony where the People were resisting in various ways and recovering from the shock of occupation.
13 of the men who travelled with her on the Hercules, were hung and the bones of another found outside a cave in the mountains.
My family told me NONE of this and my school told me NONE of this. Only now, do I enter the Mysteries.
So far, there’s not an upper class person amongst us. I concede the few Brits. Ann herself went out to Parramatta and married and Anglo Counterfeiter by the name of Curtis but I have been recently informed that she later was charged with operating a Still and kept an inn at a gatehouse by the way.
The other Brits include a convict or two and then a mass of Scots come along and impoverished peasants from Devon.
And all my life I wondered why I had ATTITUDE. Why would I not ? Why would I not ?
Now, I head for my bed, with visions of bare feet and bare skin dancing in my head.
Of 13 men hanging for the depraved crimes of trying to escape to the Mountains.
Of one man sitting by a fire in a cave – the only one who made it.
Of a young woman – who passed on the blood that leaks from me now.
ANOTHER STORY OF ANOTHER FAMILY.
TROY DWYER ON THE LAND OF HIS ANCESTOR MICHAEL.
In the year 1805 Michael Dwyer was sent to New South wales,a political exile, Granted this land in 1806, It was taken back by the crown .Troy Dwyer reclaims it in 2006 to show the rebel spirit lives on. Troy has since found letters to verify his writeful ownership of this & other properties